Marianne Uggen Rasmussen

Title
Nurse, PhD
Position
PhD
Phone
+45 3816 4197
Fax
+45 3816 4159

Marianne Uggen Rasmussen graduated as a registered nurse from Stavanger Nursing College in Norway in 1986, and was subsequently employed at Stavanger University Hospital in a gastroenterological ward. After moving to Denmark, Marianne completed her Master’s degree in Public Health, at the University of Copenhagen in 2007, and she was employed by Frederiksberg Hospital afterwards to coordinate and teach in a multi-disciplinary rehabilitation program for patients with Chronic Widespread Pain (CWP) and Fibromyalgia (FM), in the outpatient clinic of chronic pain.

Marianne was employed as a research assistant at the Parker Institute in June 2011, while she worked on her Ph.D.-protocol. She was enrolled as a Ph.D.-student in January 2013 at University of Southern Denmark, and she has been lecturing in disease prevention and health promotion at the bachelor of Medicine since then. Marianne defended her Ph.D-thesis: Self-efficacy and rehabilitation af patients with fibromyalgia, on July 1st. 2016.

The focus of Marianne's PhD was to investigate how perceived pain self-efficacy, (the patients confidence in own ability to perform activities in spite of pain), is affected as a result of multi-disciplinary rehabilitation for patients with CWP and FM. The aims of the project was to develop and validate a Danish version of the Pain Self Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ), and to use the Danish version (PSEQ-DK), to evaluate effect on pain self-efficacy after multi -disciplinary rehabilitation in a randomized controlled study. A final aim of the PhD was to conduct a qualitative study to investigate how the rehabilitation can influence the patients’ self-efficacy.

Danish version of the pain self-efficacy questionnaire (PSEQ)

 

 

 

 

Publications

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of adding occupational therapy or physiotherapy interventions to a standard rehabilitation programme targeted for chronic widespread pain.

DESIGN: Randomized active-controlled non-blinded trial.

SUBJECTS: Women with chronic widespread pain recruited in a tertiary outpatient clinic.

METHODS: Participants were randomized to a two-week, group-based standard rehabilitation programme followed by 16 weeks of group-based occupational therapy (Group BOT, n = 43) or 16 weeks of group-based physiotherapy (Group BPT, n = 42). Group A only received the two-week rehabilitation programme acting as comparator (n = 96).

OUTCOMES: Primary outcomes were the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills and Short Form-36 (SF36) Mental Component Summary score.

RESULTS: Mean changes in motor and process ability measures were clinically and statistically insignificant and without differences across the three groups assessed 88 weeks from baseline. Motor ability measures: -0.006 (95% confidence interval (CI): -0.244 to 0.233) in Group BOT; -0.045 (95% CI: -0.291 to 0.202) in Group BPT; and -0.017 (95% CI: -0.248 to 0.213) in Group A, P = 0.903. Process ability measures: 0.087 (95% CI: -0.056 to 0.231) in Group BOT; 0.075 (95% CI: -0.075 to 0.226) in Group BPT; and 0.072 (95% CI: -0.067 to 0.211) in Group A, P = 0.924. Mean changes in patient-reported outcomes were likewise small; clinically and statistically insignificant; and independent of group allocation, except for the SF36 mental component summary score in the BPT group: 8.58 (95% CI: 1.75 to 15.41).

CONCLUSION: Participants were on average stable in observation-based measures of functional ability and patient-reported outcomes, except in overall mental well-being, favouring the enhanced intervention. Efficacy of additional interventions on functional ability remains uncertain.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Rehabilitation
Vol/bind33
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1367-1381
Antal sider15
ISSN0269-2155
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2019

INTRODUCTION: With an increasing prevalence of citizens of older age and with overweight, the health issues related to knee osteoarthritis (OA) will intensify. Weight loss is considered a primary management strategy in patients with concomitant overweight and knee OA. However, there are no widely available and feasible methods to sustain weight loss in patients with overweight and knee OA. The present protocol describes a randomised controlled trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist liraglutide in a 3 mg/day dosing in patients with overweight and knee OA.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 150 volunteer adult patients with overweight or obesity and knee OA will participate in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group and single-centre trial. The participants will partake in a run-in diet intervention phase (week -8 to 0) including a low calorie diet and dietetic counselling. At week 0, patients will be randomised to either liraglutide 3 mg/day or liraglutide placebo 3 mg/day for 52 weeks as an add-on to dietetic guidance on re-introducing regular foods and a focus on continued motivation to engage in a healthy lifestyle. The co-primary outcomes are changes in body weight and the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score pain subscale from week 0 to week 52.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The trial has been approved by the regional ethics committee in the Capital Region of Denmark, the Danish Medicines Agency and the Danish Data Protection Agency. An external monitoring committee (The Good Clinical Practice Unit at Copenhagen University Hospitals) will oversee the trial. The results will be presented at international scientific meetings and through publications in peer-reviewed journals.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: 2015-005163-16, NCT02905864, U1111-1171-4970 BASED ON PROTOCOL VERSION: V.6; 30 January 2017, 15:30 hours.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere024065
TidsskriftBMJ Open
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer5
Antal sider12
ISSN2044-6055
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 5 maj 2019

Bibliografisk note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

OBJECTIVE: To describe spontaneous changes in time spent physically inactive measured continuously by accelerometry during an 8-week weight loss intervention in overweight/obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis.

METHOD: This study was designed as an observational cohort study including individuals with concomitant overweight/obesity and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis from an osteoarthritis outpatient clinic. Participants completed an 8-week dietary intervention previously shown to induce substantial weight loss. The main outcome was accelerometer-based measurement of physical inactivity for 24 hours daily during the 8-week intervention period presented as change in the average daily time spent inactive (sitting, reclined or sleeping) from one week prior to intervention to the last week of the intervention.

RESULTS: A total of 124 participants completed the dietary intervention and had valid accelerometer recordings. The mean weight loss was 12.7 kg [95% CI -13.2 to -12.1; P<.0001] after 8 weeks corresponding to a decrease in BMI of 4.3 kg/m2 [95%CI -4.5 to -4.2; P<.0001]. Significant improvements in osteoarthritis symptoms (assessed by the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) was found across all subscales; for KOOS pain an improvement of 12.8 points [95% CI, 10.6 to 15.0; P<.0001] was observed. No statistically significant change occurred in the average daily time spent inactive from baseline to follow-up (mean change: 8.8 minutes/day [95% CI, -12.1 to 29.7]; P=0.41).

CONCLUSION: Physical inactivity remains stable despite a clinically significant weight loss and improvements in knee osteoarthritis symptoms. Change in inactivity does not seem to occur spontaneously, suggesting that focused efforts to reduce inactive behaviors are needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftArthritis Care & Research
ISSN2151-464X
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 1 mar. 2019

Bibliografisk note

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how group-based multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with fibromyalgia can influence patients' self-efficacy and ability to cope with their illness.

BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation is recommended in the management of fibromyalgia. Self-efficacy is said to influence and predict adaptive coping behaviours and functioning. However, knowledge is lacking on how rehabilitation programmes may influence self-efficacy and ability to cope, from the patients' perspective.

DESIGN: Grounded theory study of semi-structured focus group interviews.

METHODS: Participants (n = 17) were included in four focus groups that had completed a two-week multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme together. Interviews were conducted four weeks after each group had completed the programme. The analysis was conducted constant comparatively applying open, axial and selective coding.

RESULTS: Categories (in italics) were derived from data in which the explanatory core category was identified: Learning to accept and live with pain as a life condition, and linked to three categories mutually influencing each other: Increased self-acceptance of living with the illness, experiencing acceptance from others and developing new coping strategies. Thus, patients benefitted from multidisciplinary rehabilitation with stronger self-efficacy and expectations to their future coping. However, limitations in the programme were identified, as the programme was short and intensive with no subsequent follow-up, and social welfare was not sufficiently addressed. Participants also found it difficult to maintain knowledge and were lacking individual sessions with the psychologist and had waited long to receive rehabilitation.

CONCLUSION: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation may advantageously be offered to patients with fibromyalgia. However, earlier action with longer programmes, in which patients' social situation is addressed, comprising individual sessions with the psychologist, with multiple repetitions of the content and follow-up sessions, may further enhance the patients' self-efficacy and coping with their illness.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBBA Clinical
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer7-8
Sider (fra-til)931-945
Antal sider15
ISSN0962-1067
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2017

OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that change in pain self-efficacy is associated with observed and self-reported activity, pain intensity, catastrophizing, and quality of life after multi-disciplinary rehabilitation of fibromyalgia patients.

DESIGN: In-depth analyses of secondary outcomes of a randomized-controlled trial.

SUBJECTS: Women (N = 187) with fibromyalgia.

METHODS: Outcomes were Pain Self-Efficacy, Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS), SF-36 Physical Function (SF-36-PF), pain intensity, and SF-36 Mental Composite Score (SF-36-MCS) to assess quality of life and pain catastrophizing. Individual and group associations between outcomes were examined.

RESULTS: Individual changes in pain self-efficacy were not associated with changes in observed activity: AMPS motor (rs = 0.08, p = 0.27) and process (rs = 0.12, p = 0.11), not even in those patients with a clinically relevant improvement in observed functioning (38.5%), and only weakly or moderatly with changes in SF-36-PF; (rs = 0.31, p < 0.0001), SF-36-MSC; (rs = 0.41, p < 0.0001), and pain catastrophizing (rs = -0.31, p < 0.0001). No differences in pain self-efficacy were observed between the rehabilitated group and controls (difference: 1.61; 95% CI: -0.84 to 4.06; p = 0.24). However, a subgroup (34%) had a clinically relevant improvement in pain self-efficacy. This group was younger (mean age 41.4 vs. 45.8, p = 0.01), more recently diagnosed (1.8 vs. 2.8 years, p = 0.003), but had an unresolved welfare situation (59% vs. 40%, p = 0.02).

CONCLUSION: The main hypothesis was falsified, as there was no association between pain self-efficacy and actual performance of activity. The relation to functioning may be limited to perceived, cognitive-emotional aspects, as indicated by the weak to moderate correlations to the self-reported measures. Implications for Rehabilitation Improvement in observed activity post multi-disciplinary rehabilitation was not associated with change in pain self-efficacy. Patients performed better after rehabilitation, but did not perceive to have improved their capacity. The relationship between pain self-efficacy and functioning may be limited to cognitive-emotional aspects rather than actual activity. Both observational and self-reported measures should be included in evaluating outcomes of rehabilitation for patients with fibromyalgia.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDisability and rehabilitation
Vol/bind39
Udgave nummer17
Sider (fra-til)1744-1752
Antal sider9
ISSN1464-5165
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2017

”Self‐efficacy and Rehabilitation of Patients with Fibromyalgia”

Rasmussen, M. U., Sjölund, B. H., Rydahl-Hansen, S., Amris, K., Mortensen, E. L. & Danneskiold-Samsøe, B., 2016

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

OriginalsprogEngelsk
StatusUdgivet - 2016
The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) in a population of patients with fibromyalgia in Denmark. The study sample included 102 patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia referred to a specialist clinic. The PSEQ was translated and adapted to a Danish setting using a standard stepw-ise forward-backward translation procedure, followed by initial testing and focus group interview. Reliability was examined by analysing internal consistency and test-retest agreement. Construct validity was exami-ned by investigating dimensionality, targeting, local independence, category functioning and differential item functioning (DIF). Reliability was high: Cronbach's alpha 0.88, test-retest correlation 0.93, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) 0.89 and item-total correlations 0.44-0.70. Factor analyses and item response (IRT) models indicated unidimensionality, and the PSEQ-DK was well targeted to the sample. High interitem correlation was observed between two items, indicating local dependence, and item misfit and DIF were observed for a few items. However, the overall fit of the scale to a single-factor model and IRT models supported acceptable construct validity. The PSEQ-DK showed acceptable psychometric properties and can therefore represent a reliable and valid measure for evaluating self-efficacy in patients with fibromyalgia in Denmark.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Vol/bind30
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)202-10
ISSN0283-9318
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2016